Friday, May 31, 2019
Robert Oppenheimer :: essays research papers
Robert Oppenheimer      To build a give out capable of destroying entire cities at at one time they needed a person with a smart, fast and creative brain. That person was Robert Oppenheimer. Robert Oppenheimer was the brilliant scientist behind the development of the atomic bomb. While atomic bombs kill practically of people, the atomic bomb won the war against the Japanese (World War 2). This helped because we would not have stood a chance attacking the main island on foot.     While Roberts name has become synonymous with the atomic bomb there is more to the story than that. J. Robert Oppenheimer was born in New York City on April 22, 1904. After graduating from Harvard and analyze under Ernest Rutherford at Cambridge University, Oppenheimer received his Ph.D. in Germany in 1925. In 1929, he returned to the United States to teach at the University of California Berkeley and at Cal Tech.     Upon hearing of discovery o f fission in 1939, Oppenheimer immediately grasped thepossibility of atomic bombs. In 1941, he was brought into the atomic bomb project and was asked to calculate the critical mass of uranium-235, the amount needed to digest a chain reaction.The next year he assembled a group of some of the best theoretical physicists in the country todiscuss the design of the essential bomb. General Wesley Groves, the army officer in charge of theManhattan Project, named Oppenheimer the scientific director of the program, and together they decided on Los Alamos, New Mexico, as the site for the nuclear weapons laboratory. Groves Mackenzie2 give tongue to of Oppenheimer, "Hes a genius. A real genius...Why, Oppenheimer knows about everything. He can talk to you about anything you bring up. Well not exactly. I guess there be a few things he doesnt know about. He doesnt know anything about sports (necularpages).     The staff grew from 30 scientists to 5,000, all trying to fi nish work on the bomb before theGermans did. On the day of the test, Oppenheimer fully realized the enormity of what he had just accomplished. As he stood watching the mushroom cloud, he recalled later, a joint from the Baghavad Gita, the Hindu scripture, floated through his mind, "I am become death, the destroyer of worlds." This responsibility weighed heavily on his shoulders, and when he met with President Harry Truman in 1946, he exclaimed, "Mr. President, I have blood on my hands." (necularpages)     He set up a research station for the Project at Los Alamos, New Mexico.